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Everglades Depth Estimation Network (EDEN) for Support of Biological and Ecological Assessments
- Evapotranspiration
Photo of a mangrove fringe

Evapotranspiration Data

Download Evapotranspiration Data

Evapotranspiration (ET) is a term used to describe the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, canopy interception, and water bodies. Transpiration accounts for the movement of water within a plant and the subsequent loss of water as vapor through stomata in its leaves. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) represents the evapotranspiration rate from a given surface without moisture limitation. Reference evapotranspiration (RET) is a representation of evapotranspiration from a hypothetical reference crop such as a green grass surface with a uniform height of 12 cm, actively growing, well-watered, and completely shading the ground. PET is used extensively in hydrologic modeling whereas RET is used primarily in agricultural, irrigation and regulatory applications. Solar radiation is the primary driving force in the ET process.

A model has been developed to produce PET and RET estimates over Florida using solar radiation obtained from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) and climate data from the Florida Automated Weather Network, the State of Florida Water Management Districts and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. The model was created through a jointly funded project involving the five Florida Water Management Districts, the University of New Hampshire (UNH), and the University of Alabama at Huntsville (UAH), and the US Geological Survey (USGS). The Priestley-Taylor and American Society of Civil Engineers reference ET equations provide daily PET and RET estimates respectively on a 2 km grid spatially distributed over the State of Florida beginning in 1995.

EDEN staff receives ET data annually from the USGS approximately six months after the end of the calendar year. Daily PET values (in millimeters) for EDEN gage locations from the gridded data and loaded into the EDEN database for access through Explore and View EDEN (EVE). The ET datasets begin June 1, 1995 and data for each subsequent year is added as it becomes available, generally on an annual basis.

For more information about the estimated ET data from the USGS and others download the report "Satellite-based Solar Radiation, Net Radiation and Potential and Reference Evapotranspiration Estimates Over Florida". (Please note, this is a 2.2 MB PDF file and requires the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.) To access PET and RET data by county, please visit the USGS Florda Water Science Center Evapotranspiration page.

Big Cypress National Preserve Sampling Site Photos

The following photographs show an evapotranspiration gaging station and some of the equipment used to collect data. Photographs were taken from a "Carbon Cycling in a Big Cypress National Preserve Marsh" presentation given by Barclay Shoemaker, Jordan Barr, Christian Lopez, and Vic Engel at the Greater Everglades Ecosystem Restoration 2010 Conference. Posted here with permission.

photograph of a scientist atop a sampling tower photograph of dwarf cypress tower.

Photo taken by Patrick Lynch (SFWMD)

photograph of Hensen marsh site.

Photo taken by Patrick Lynch (SFWMD)

Scientist atop sampling tower. [larger version]

Dwarf Cypress 55' tower. Measures ET. [larger version]

Hensen Marsh site. Measures ET and CO2. [larger version]

photograph of pine upland tower.

Photo taken by Patrick Lynch (SFWMD)

photograph of cypress swamp tower.

Photo taken by Patrick Lynch (SFWMD)

photograph of scientists working atop tower.

Pine upland 120' tower. Measures ET. [larger version]

Cypress Swamp 120' tower. Measures ET. [larger version]

Scientists working atop tower. [larger version]

Technical support for this Web site is provided by the U.S. Geological Survey
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Comments and suggestions? Contact: Bryan McCloskey
Last updated: December 14, 2020 09:11 PM (BJM)