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Project Summary Sheet
Fiscal Year 2006 Study Summary Report
Study Title: South Florida Landscape Dynamics
Overview & Objective(s): The primary goal of this study is to provide restoration-critical information regarding past and current characteristics of the Greater Everglades land surface (i.e., 'landscape dynamics') for improved landscape-scale modeling and restoration monitoring. The study develops innovative methods for geospatial data production and analysis of land surface characteristics over space and through time. The generated data provide baseline information necessary to begin monitoring the effects of restoration actions. Results of study landscape analyses facilitate more efficient and effective sampling strategies and improve field instrument placement. Structured study experiments increase our understanding of the relationships among surface features (e.g., vegetation and water) within the context of hydrologic, ecologic, and climate processes.
Status: FY06 work focused on high accuracy elevation database development, digital elevation model research and development, and temporal, moderate resolution satellite database calibration. These activities produced several products that are currently in operational use for EDEN and/or form the basis for FY07 research.
Specific Relevance to Identified Information Needs: [See DOI's Everglades Science Plan on SOFIA's Web site: http://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/doi-science-plan/]:
Study data collection and analyses supports several projects including: (a) WCA 3 Decompartmentalization and sheetflow enhancement, (b) baseline studies and monitoring of plant community species composition, cover, and density in various project areas, and (c) Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands research to understand the links between hydrology and ecology. Data and change detection methods developed through this research can also contribute to fire management and invasive species detection/monitoring needs. This study responds to DOI science needs to improve the quantity, quality, timing, and distribution of water and provide landscape-scale science needed to support multiple CERP activities through the development of: (a) techniques and protocols for scaling, (b) well-calibrated data for biophysical analyses and monitoring, and (c) tools and information for vegetation, water, and habitat assessment and monitoring at regional scales. Study activities are often technique-development oriented, but are conducted with applications foci that meet specific information needs of the MAP. For example, solution hole mapping research is developing a needed performance measure (GE-A4) identified in the MAP (section 126.96.36.199). Similarly, study is directly responsive to trophic systems monitoring requirements (MAP Section 188.8.131.52) and is developing "hyperspectral systems as a cost-effective way of mapping Everglades landscape and water quality patterns". CESI restoration goals are also directly supported by developing synergistic use of in-situ and remotely sensed vegetation data.
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
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Last updated: 04 September, 2013 @ 02:08 PM(KP)