USGS Home
SOFIA Home

Southern Everglades Satellite Image Map

Metadata also available as - [Questions & Answers] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Jones, John

Thomas, Jean-Claude (ret.), Desmond, Gregory

Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Southern Everglades Satellite Image Map
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Miscellaneous Investigations Series
Issue_Identification: I-2742
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Description:
Abstract:
The map is a composite image of spectral bands 3 (630-690 nanometers, red), 4 (775-900 nanometers,near-infrared), and 5 (1,550-1750 nanometers, middle-infrared) and the new panchromatic band (520-900, green to near-infrared) acquired by the Landsat 7 enhanced thematic mapper (ETM) sensor on February 05, 2000.

Both the Western and Eastern halves of the hard-copy map are included in the scanned files.

Purpose:
The objective of the project was to develop and apply innovative remote sensing and geographic information system techniques to map the distribution of vegetation, vegetation characteristics, and related hydrologic variables through space and time. The mapping and description of vegetation characteristics and their variations are necessary to accurately simulate surface hydrology and other surface processes in South Florida and to monitor land surface changes. As part of this research, data from many airborne and satellite imaging systems have been georeferenced and processed to facilitate data fusion and analysis. This image map was created using image fusion techniques developed as part of this project.
Supplemental_Information:
The TIFF versions of the map are zipped due to the large size of the files. There are two different scanning resolutions for the map - 72 DPI (screen resolution) and 150 DPI (for high-quality printing).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20000205
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.4
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.92
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: mapping
Theme_Keyword: vegetation
Theme_Keyword: satellite image map
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 010
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Broward County
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: South East Coast
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
None, however acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated for products derived from these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Jones
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5543
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-4165
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwjones@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: satellite image map of the Southern Everglades
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
Other USGS contributors include: Kelly Feistner, Janet Halverson, Lori Yunag, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD and Greg Matheson, David Dee, George Delinski, and Alden Warren, Mapping Applications Center, Reston, VA
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Gallatin, M. H.

Ballard, J. K., Evans, C. B., Galberry, H. S., Hinton, J. J., Powell, D. P., Truett, E., Watts, W. L., Willson, G. C., Leighty, R. G.

Publication_Date: 1958
Title: Soil Survey (Detailed-Reconnaissance) of Dade County Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Soil Survey - Detailed Reconnaissance
Issue_Identification: Series 1947, No. 4
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: USDA Soil Conservation Service
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gunderson, L. H.
Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
Vegetation of the Everglades: Determinants of community composition
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: book chapter
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Delray Beach, FL
Publisher: St. Lucie Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in The Everglades: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration, edited by S. M. Davis and J. C. Ogden
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Leighty, R.G

Marco, M. B., Swenson, G. A., Caldwell, R.E., Henderson, J. R., Olsen, O. C., Willson, G. C.

Publication_Date: 1954
Title:
Soil Survey (Detailed-Reconnaissance) of Collier County, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Soil Survey - Detailed Reconnaissance
Issue_Identification: Series 1942, No. 5
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: USDA Soil Conservation Service
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Lemeshewsky, G. L.
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Multispectral multisensor image fusion using wavelet transforms
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Bellingham, WA
Publisher: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Other_Citation_Details:
in Visual Information Processing, SPIE 3716, S. Park and R. Juday, eds.

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not applicable
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The image map meets National Map Accuracy Standards for 1:100, 000 scale.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The satellite images (Path 15, Row 42) were recorded February 05, 2000, by the enhanced thematic mapper (ETM) sensor on the Landsat 7 satellite which records 7 multispectral bands and one panchromatic channel. This image map includes spectral bands 3 (630-690 nanometers, red), 4 (775-900 nanometers, near-infrared), and 5 (1,550-1,750 nanometers, middle-infrared) and the new panchromatic band (520-900 nanometers, green to near-infrared). The spatial resolution of the input data is 30 m by 30 m for the multispectral bands and 15 m by 15 m for the panchromatic band. The imagery was geocorrected using ground control points identified on the USGS digital orthophoto quadrangles and on the panchromatic data. The panchromatic data were resampled to 7.5 m by 7.5 m resolution and enhanced by filtering (101 by 101 filter with 75-percent add-back) and tone stretching. Then, the spatial information in the panchromatic data was combined with the color information of the multispectral data through a wavelet transform-based image fusion technique (Lemeshewsky, 1999). This data fusion process attempts to preserve the spectral fidelity while sharpening the spatial resolution. The tones output from this process were further enhanced through histogram evaluation and contrast stretching. Panchromatic enhanced multispectral bands 5, 4, and 3 are shown in red, green and blue respectively on the image map. This process allows the image map to meet National Map Accuracy Standards for 1:100,000-scale maps.

The combination of a number of surface characteristics, such as vegetation type, vegetation density, soil water depth, and periphyton (algae and bacteria) dictates the amount and composition of light reflected to the satellite sensor and, therefore, the brightness, texture, and color shown in the image. Image subsets illustrate some of the common surface cover types using additions to floral assemblages suggested by Sunderson (1994). Where appropriate, water conditions at the time of imaging and soil type based on the county soil surveys are also noted.

Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Jones
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5543
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-4165
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwjones@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Southern Everglades
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Row and Column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 7.5
Ordinate_Resolution: 7.5
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S.Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Southern Everglades satellite image map
Distribution_Liability: The data in the report have no implied or explicit guarantees.
Standard_Order_Process:
Non-digital_Form: printed copy
Fees: Call 1-888-ASK-USGS for current prices and shipping fees.
Ordering_Instructions:
See <http://ask.usgs.gov/prices/ordering_info.html> for ordering instructions.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: JPEG
Format_Specification: 72 DPI (screen resolution)
Format_Information_Content: Image size is 10 in x 6 in
Transfer_Size: 0.039
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: TIFF
Format_Specification: 72 DPI (screen resolution)
Format_Information_Content:
Images sizes available as 10 in x6 in, 36 in x 25 in, and 65.4 x 44.6 in. The file sizes are 1 MB, 9 MB, and 29 MB respectively
File_Decompression_Technique: The files need to be "unzipped" before using
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: TIFF
Format_Specification: 150 DPI (for high-quality printing)
Format_Information_Content:
Image sizes available are 24 in x 16.7 in, 36 in x 25 in, and 64.5 in x 44.6 in. The file sizes are 18 MB, 41 MB, and 137 MB respectively
File_Decompression_Technique: The files need to be "unzipped" before using.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GeoTIFF
Format_Specification: 150 DPI
Format_Information_Content: Images size is 22.5 in x 14.3 in
Transfer_Size: 4.7
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/remote_sens/sflsatmap.html>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070130
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/S_EvergladesSatMap.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Center for Coastal Geology
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Tue Jan 30 17:10:30 2007