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FLORIDA WATERS
A Water Resources Manual




This joint project of Florida's five water management districts, is a comprehensive, easy to read resource guide. It is available in book format (112 pages), on CD, and an online version is provided below.

Chapter 373, Florida Statutes, gives the Florida Department of Environmental Protection "general supervisory authority" over the districts and directs the Department to delegate water resources programs to them where possible.

Pursuant to these delegations, the districts are authorized to administer flood protection programs and to perform technical investigations into water resources.

The districts are also authorized to develop water management plans for water shortages in times of drought and to acquire and manage lands for water management purposes under the Save Our Rivers program.

Regulatory programs delegated to the districts include programs to manage the consumptive use of water, aquifer recharge, well construction and surface water management.

http://www.dep.state.fl.us/secretary/watman/index.htm

State map of water districts
http://www.dep.state.fl.us/secretary/watman/wmd_map.htm

front cover image-click to access HTML version for on-line reading



Link to each chapter in the following list-   
 
Or click here for more reading/download options

 

Click on the report cover ^
for the html version (loads faster for on-line reading)


The document chapters below are available only as a PDF file and require the Adobe Acrobat Reader to be read. Download the FREE Adobe Acrobat Reader ®.

CHAPTER 1: THE HUMAN FRAMEWORK (5.36MB pdf)

This chapter examines water in social, legal, economic and political contexts from the times Florida was first inhabited by humans, around 14,000 years ago to modern times, A time line beginning 12, 000 BC, introduces navigation, drainage, flood control, water law, water allocation and water restoration projects.

The First Floridians ... 2
Drainage, Flood Control and Navigation ... 6
Modern Water Management (1970s/1980s/1990s) ... 10
Conclusion ... 14
The Human Framework Time Line ... 18


CHAPTER 2: WATER IT'S MAGIC (2.18MB pdf)

This chapter begins with the fact that water is essential to all life on earth. It explores the chemical and physical properties of water, the hydrologic cycle, climate, weather and the "magic" of Water's cleansing, healing and renewing powers.

Water's Structure / Water's Amazing Properties ... 35
Global Water Cycle ... 36
Water Cycle in Florida ... 37
Weather and Climate (Floods and Droughts / Storms) ... 40
The Global Picture (El Nino and La Nino / Global Warming) ... 48
Conclusion ... 48


CHAPTER 3: FLORIDA WATER RESOURCES (2.93MB pdf)

This chapter examines groundwater and surface waters, and the links between them. Sections on Florida's geology and geography serve to introduce hydrologic features. The importance of watersheds and the reality of pollution illustrate the links and interdependence water resources, as well as the need to protect and conserve them.

Watersheds ... 50
Aquifers ... 53
Sinkholes ... 53
Springs ... 55
Rivers ... 57
Lakes ... 59
Wetlands ... 59
Estuaries ... 62
Conclusion ... 62


CHAPTER 4: WATER AND LIFE, NATURAL SYSTEMS (2.26MB pdf)

This chapter focuses on water being a connecting link for all nature systems, and the defining feature of, natural communities. The amount, distribution, timing and quality of water existing in an ecosystem affect the soils, plants and animals. Human activities, as well, affect biological and economic sustainability.

Ancient Origins ... 63
Ecosystems ... 65
Soils ... 66
Ecosystem Processes: Water and Fire ... 68
Natural Communities ... 68
Conclusions ... 73


CHAPTER 5: WATER SUPPLY AND WATER QUALITY (.97MB pdf)

This chapter discusses sources of water and efforts to create alternate water sources. Water availability and trends in water use associated with increased population and expanded agricultural and industrial uses highlight the water supply issue. Water quality for drinking, ecology and recreation is equally fundamental as water supply. Common tests and measures of water quality are explained. Pollution is defined and discussed.

Water Use Definitions / Types of Uses ... 76
Worldwide Water Use and Trends ... 78
Florida Water Use and Trends ... 79
Water Reuse ... 80
Water Quality ... 81
Causes and Sources of Water Pollution ... 82
Florida Water Quality and Trends ... 83
Conclusions ... 85


CHAPTER 6: FORWARD TO THE PAST (2.81MB pdf)

This chapter concludes that Florida's natural systems have been radically changed and fragmented. Floridans have responded with aggressive actions in land acquisition and management, resource protection and ecosystem restoration. Examples are provided in each region of the state. Florida cannot return to what used to be, but Floridans can restore, protect and better manage what is here.

Kissimmee-Okeechobee-Everglades Restoration … 87
Tampa Bay … 91
Upper St. Johns River Basin … 93
Longleaf Pine Restoration … 94
Suwannee river Basin … 95
Conclusion … 95


LINKS TO PROJECT WET ACTIVITIES (67kb pdf)

Hands-on teaching activities for all ages developed by THE WATERCOURSE at the University of Montana for Project WET (Water Education for Teachers) are correlated to each chapter, skillfully adapting these activities to Florida-specific issues. Each these Project WET activities have been linked to Florida's Sunshine State Standards. (The correlations are available upon request.)

Project WET
http://www.montana.edu/wwwwet/

The Watercourse Program, University of Montanna
http://www.montana.edu/wwwwater/index.html

Florida's Sunshine State Standards
http://www.firn.edu/doe/curric/prek12/frame2.htm


GLOSSARY (78kb pdf)

Vocabulary words, in bold type when first used in the text, are defined in
this comprehensive glossary.


REFERENCES (68kb pdf)

For each chapter there is an extensive bibliography for further research.


INDEX (490kb pdf)


Note: The maps, charts, tables, pictures, drawings and diagrams that serve
to illustrate or enforce materials printed in the text all may be copies for
public use.


Credits (503kb pdf)

Elizabeth D. Purdum, Author
Institute of Science and Public Affairs
Florida State University
http://www.ispa.fsu.edu/

Peter A. Kraft, Cartographer
Institute of Science and Public Affairs
Florida State University
http://www.ispa.fsu.edu/

Jim Anderson, Graphic Layout and Design
Florida State University
http://www.fsu.edu/

Pati Twardsky, Graphic Layout and Design
Southwest Florida Water Management District
http://www.watermatters.org

Beth Bartos, Project Manager
Southwest Florida Water Management District
http://www.watermatters.org

Sally McPherson, Project Coordinator
South Florida Water Management District
http://www.sfwmd.gov

Georgann Penson, Project Coordinator
Northwest Florida Water Management District
http://www.state.fl.us/nwfwmd


For more information or to request copies:

Northwest Florida Water Management District
850-539-5999
http://www.state.fl.us/nwfwmd

St. Johns River Water Management District
800-451-7106
http://floridaswater.com

South Florida Water Management district
800-432-2045
http://www.sfwmd.gov

Southwest Florida Water Management District
800-423-1476
http://www.watermatters.org

Shawnee River Water Management District
800-226-1066
http://www.mysuwanneeriver.com

 

 

More online reading and download options:

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Power users- Download the entire document in one pdf file:Click here
(filesize is extremely large (16.7MB) at least T-1 or DSL system is recommended to download this file)

Best for printing- preview the entire document from multiple pdfs that are linked through a single page: Click here



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Last updated: 04 September, 2013 @ 02:04 PM(KP)